The Montessori classrooms provide a prepared environment in where children can be driven naturally to work and learn. The children's inherent love of learning is encouraged by giving them the opportunity to be spontaneous, and engage in meaningful activities under the guidance of a trained instructor. Through their work, children develop concentration, motivation, persistence, and discipline. Within this framework of order they progress at their pace and rhythm according to their individual capabilities.
Acquiring the love of learning and learning how to learn is our goal. With this in mind, we have organized our curriculum, which is ahead of traditional curriculum. We have based our curriculum on the Maria Montessori teachings. The curriculum presents lessons simply and concretely in the early years, and is introduced again in a more abstract and complex presentation during the subsequent years.
When did Montessori begin?
Dr. Maria Montessori, the creator of what is called "The Montessori Method of Education," based this new education on her scientific observations of young children's behavior. As the first woman physician to graduate from the University of Rome, Montessori became involved with education as a doctor treating children labeled as retarded. Then in 1907 she was invited to open a child care center for the children of desperately poor families in the San Lorenzo slums of Rome.
She called it a "A Children's House," and based the program on her observations that
young children learn best in a home-
Montessori's dynamic theories included such revolutionary premises as:
She carried her message throughout the world, including the United States as early
as 1912. After an enthusiastic first response, interest in the U.S. waned until a
What makes Montessori unique?
The "whole child" approach. The primary goal of a Montessori program is to help each
child reach full potential in all areas of life. Activities promote the development
of social skills, emotional growth, and physical coordination as well as cognitive
preparation. The holistic curriculum, under the direction of a specially prepared
teacher, allows the child to experience the joy of learning, time to enjoy the process
and insure the development of self-
The "Prepared Environment." In order for self-
The Montessori materials. Dr. Montessori's observations of the kinds of things which
children enjoy and go back to repeatedly led her to design a number of multi-
The teacher. Originally called a "Directress," the Montessori teacher functions as
designer of the environment, resource person, role model, demonstrator, record-
The teacher acts as a facilitator of learning. Extensive training-
How does Montessori work?
Each Montessori class, from toddlers through high school, operates on the principle
of freedom within limits. Every program has its set of ground rules which differs
from age to age, but is always based on core Montessori beliefs-
Children are free to work at their own pace with materials they have chosen, either
alone or with others. The teacher relies on his or her observations of the children
to determine which new activities and materials he may introduce to an individual
child or to a small or large group. The aim is to encourage active, self-
How is creativity encouraged?
Creativity flourishes in an atmosphere of acceptance and trust. Montessorians recognize that each child, from toddler to teenager, learns and expresses himself in a very individual way.
Music, art, storytelling, movement and drama are part of every American Montessori program. But there are other things particular to the Montessori environment which encourage creative development: many materials which stimulate interest and involvement; an emphasis on the sensory aspect of experience; and the opportunity for both verbal and nonverbal modes of learning.
How can a "real" Montessori classroom be identified?
Since Montessori is a word in the public domain, it is possible for any individual or institution to claim to be Montessori. But, an authentic Montessori classroom must have these basic characteristics at all levels: